Understanding Chronic Childhood Arthritis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Chronic childhood arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects children under 16 years.

Sandeep Singh Created on 28th Feb, 23
7 things to know about childhood arthritis | Edward-Elmhurst Health
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Have you ever heard of chronic childhood arthritis, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)? 


It is a type of arthritis that affects children under 16 years. According to the American College of Rheumatology, JIA affects about 1 in 1000 children, making it one of the most common chronic childhood diseases.


There are several subtypes of chronic childhood arthritis, each with its own symptoms and characteristics. 


For example, oligoarticular JIA affects fewer than five joints in the body, while polyarticular JIA affects five or more joints. Systemic JIA can cause high fever, rash, and inflammation throughout the body.


Dr. Sandeep Singh, an acclaimed orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar, emphasizes the significance of early diagnosis and treatment to prevent or minimize joint damage, reduce pain and inflammation, and improve the overall quality of life. 


Treatment options may include medication, physical therapy, and other forms of supportive care. With proper management, many children with chronic childhood arthritis can lead active and fulfilling lives.


Suppose you are searching for an experienced arthritis doctor in Bhubaneswar. You can consult Dr. Sandeep Singh, HOD of Sports Injury and Rehabilitation, at Care Super Specialty Hospital. He has extensive experience in treating chronic childhood arthritis.


For further information regarding symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic childhood arthritis, continue reading.


What are the symptoms of chronic childhood arthritis?

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Chronic childhood arthritis symptoms can vary depending on the type of arthritis a child has. However, some common symptoms may include the following:

  • Joint pain
  • Joint swelling and stiffness
  • Limited range of motion
  • Fever, swollen lymph nodes, and skin rash in systemic JIA
  • Eye inflammation
  • Slow growth, poor appetite
  • Tiredness


Be aware that these symptoms can also be present in other conditions. Hence, getting a proper diagnosis from a doctor if your child is experiencing any of these symptoms is necessary.


What is the chronic childhood arthritis treatment cost in Bhubaneswar?

The cost of treating chronic childhood arthritis can vary depending on several factors. In Bhubaneswar, India, the cost of treatment can be influenced by the following factors:


Diagnostic tests: Your child will have to undergo several tests regularly, including blood tests, X-rays, and other imaging tests, to diagnose and manage the condition. 


Medications: Doctors often prescribe drugs to manage the symptoms of chronic childhood arthritis, and the cost can vary depending on the type of medication, dosage, and duration of treatment.


Rehabilitation and physical therapy: Rehabilitation and physical therapy help children with chronic arthritis maintain joint function and mobility. The cost of these services can vary depending on the number of sessions required.


Surgery: In severe cases of JIA, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged joints. 


Insurance coverage: Insurance coverage can significantly affect the cost of chronic childhood arthritis treatment.

You can visit Dr. Sandeep Singh to understand the potential chronic childhood arthritis cost in Bhubaneswar.


How is chronic childhood arthritis diagnosed?

How to Spot Juvenile Arthritis in Your Child | INTEGRIS Health
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Chronic childhood arthritis can be challenging to diagnose because the symptoms can be similar to other conditions. However, there are several methods that doctors use to detect the disease, including:

  • Medical history
  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Imaging tests, such as X-rays, ultrasounds, or MRIs
  • Joint fluid analysis


You must seek medical attention as soon as possible if your child is experiencing joint pain, swelling, or stiffness. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and prevent joint damage.


What is the treatment for chronic childhood arthritis?

Exercises for Kids With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
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"The treatment for chronic childhood arthritis depends on several factors, including the type and severity of arthritis, the child's age, and overall health," says Dr. Sandeep Singh, a leading orthopedic surgeon in Bhubaneswar.

The treatment mainly involves a combination of the following:


Medications: Drugs are often prescribed to manage chronic childhood arthritis symptoms and reduce inflammation. These may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), biologic response modifiers, and corticosteroids.


Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help children with arthritis maintain joint function and mobility. A physical therapist can develop a customized exercise program to help strengthen muscles, improve the range of motion, and reduce pain.


Occupational therapy: It assists children in managing daily activities and developing strategies to overcome the symptoms.


Splints or braces: They can be used to support affected joints and reduce pain and swelling.


Surgery: In severe cases of childhood arthritis, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged joints.


Lifestyle changes: A healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, can help manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.


It is crucial to work closely with a doctor specializing in treating chronic childhood arthritis, like Dr. Sandeep Singh, to develop a treatment plan tailored to your child's specific needs. 

With proper treatment, many children with this condition can manage their symptoms and maintain a good quality of life.


The life expectancy of children with chronic arthritis

Chronic childhood arthritis, or JIA, can affect children and impact their quality of life. However, most children can live a full and productive life with proper treatment. 


The impact of JIA on life expectancy is relatively rare and depends on the severity of the condition and the presence of other health conditions. 


Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the quality of life and potentially reduce the risk of long-term complications. With proper management, many children with chronic childhood arthritis can lead active, healthy lives and have a normal life expectancy.


If you have concerns about your child's arthritis and its impact on their health and life expectancy, you can speak with a doctor who can provide personalized guidance and treatment options.


You can schedule an appointment with Dr. Sandeep Singh at National Orthopedic Centre, a dedicated orthopedic clinic in Bhubaneswar. He has more than eleven years of experience treating all types of arthritis and is an expert in joint replacement.


Frequently Asked Questions


Does chronic arthritis go away?

There is no cure for chronic arthritis. You have to manage it with lifestyle changes and medications.


What is the prognosis for childhood arthritis?

The prognosis for childhood arthritis varies depending on the type of arthritis, the severity of the symptoms, and how well you manage the condition. 

Most children with arthritis have a good prognosis. Many children can lead healthy, active lives and manage their symptoms with effective treatment. In some cases, arthritis symptoms may even go into remission.


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