Knee Replacement Surgery Procedure

Published on 22th Mar, 21

Knee replacement, also known as complete knee replacement or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical operation that resurfaces a knee that has been weakened by arthritis. The ends of the bones that make up the knee joint, as well as the kneecap, are capped with metal and plastic pieces. If you have serious arthritis or a severe knee injury, you may want to consider this surgery.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a form of autoimmune arthritis in which the body’s immune cells attack it, causing inflammation. RA, or rheumatoid arthritis, is a chronic inflammatory condition that mostly affects the body’s small joints. According to a report published in 2019, RA is the third most common chronic health disorder, causing chronic morbidity, extreme pain, and psychosocial stress. It is characterized by chronic inflammation of the hands, wrists, knees, and feet joints.

Osteoporosis isn’t only a disease of old people. Although it’s commonly seen within the elderly, studies have shown that bone loss can occur at a comparatively younger age (30 – 40 years), especially within the Indian population. According to Dr. Sandeep who is one of the best orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar, this might be attributed to a sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary habits, and smoking.

An orthopedist is a person who specializes in orthopedics. His duties include dealing with the musculoskeletal system, which includes joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles essential for the movement of our body. In addition to that, the orthopedist may also recommend specific rehabilitation to the patients that may enhance their treatments’ efficiency.

Knee replacement surgery or knee arthroplasty surgery can help alleviate pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. Cutting weakened bone and cartilage from the thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap and replacing it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers is the treatment.

If you’re only starting to look at medical options or have already made the decision to have a complete hip replacement, this knowledge will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure. In this article, Dr Sandeep Singh who is one of the best orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar explains how healthy hip functions, & the causes of hip pain.

A joint is a point where two bones meet. The ends of these bones are protected by cartilage, which is a type of connective tissue. This cartilage breaks down as a result of OA, allowing the bones in the joint to rub together. This can result in discomfort, stiffness, and other side effects.

Age or weight is not a consideration for opting for this surgery. According to Dr. Sandeep Singh, the best orthopaedic doctor in Bhubaneswar, the reference for surgery is made based on the discomfort and disability of the patient. However, it has been observed that people among the age group of 50 and 80 years generally need total hip replacement surgery.

A type of arthroplasty is a knee replacement. Arthroplasty, which means "joint surgery," is the surgical reconstruction and replacement of deteriorated joints using artificial body components called prostheses. When the knee's articular cartilage is damaged or worn, it becomes uncomfortable and difficult to move.