The medial collateral ligament (MCL) and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are two important knee structures. The ACL and MCL, along with other ligaments, work together to keep the knee stable and moving properly.
The ACL limits anterior translation of the tibia onto the femur and contributes to internal and external rotation resistance when the knee is stretched. At 30 degrees of knee flexion, the MCL resists valgus stress. It also aids in reducing anterior and posterior tibia translation and rotation.
As a result, when both ligaments are damaged, the knee might become unstable in numerous functional planes. Multiple ligament injuries are significantly more complicated than injuries that merely impact the anterior cruciate ligament or the medial collateral ligament.
Treatment for multi-ligament injuries is complex and evolving. The most common treatment for a torn ACL and MCL is surgery to repair the torn ACL, while the MCL injury is treated according to the severity of the injury. The timing of treatment is crucial when both the ACL and the MCL are torn.
Unless the ligament is only slightly ripped, most ligament tears need surgery to repair. Repair surgery, such as knee arthroscopy, may be required if conservative approaches fail. People who participate in sports or have an active lifestyle are more likely to undergo surgery. To discuss all of your choices, you should consult with an experienced orthopedic surgeon in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, like Dr. Sandeep Singh.
An Overview of the Case
Ms. Rinku Biswal, a sportswoman, consulted Dr. Sandeep Singh, one of the best ortho doctors in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. She had difficulty walking and an unstable knee.
Dr. Sandeep Singh conducted a thorough examination of the patient and recommended an MRI scan. The imaging test revealed MCL and ACL injury.
Dr. Sandeep Singh informed the patient about the injury and the need for MCL and ACL reconstruction surgery. Further, Dr. Singh operated on the patient and performed Arthroscopic ACL and MCL reconstruction.
The postoperative care included physiotherapy, antibiotics, and pain medications if required. This helped the patient recover quickly. The patient recovered within a few days after surgery and was pain-free and capable of resuming sports.
After two months of ACL surgery, she won medals for her excellent performance in the field.