Types of Joint Replacement Surgeries

Joint replacement is a procedure which involves removing part or all of the damaged joint and replacing it with artificial implants. Joint replacement surgery can improve mobility and provide significant pain relief. It may be required for advanced arthritis or as a result of an injury.

Sandeep Singh Created on 2nd Mar, 21

Joint replacement is a procedure that many people in Bhubaneswar opt for to relieve chronic joint pain and enhance joint mobility.

If you are dealing with consistent joint pain and a reduced range of motion, then the joint replacement procedure can be worth considering. 

It will help improve your quality of life and get you back to do the things you love without pain. So, consult your orthopaedic doctor in Bhubaneswar to learn more about the procedure. 

 

You can also continue reading as we have discussed the different forms of joint replacement surgery and how to prepare for it. Let us begin by understanding the different forms of the joint replacement procedure. 

 

What are the types of joint replacement surgeries?

Dr. Sandeep Singh Says that there are several joint procedures available. Your orthopedist in Bhubaneswar will recommend you the right surgery based on your signs and the joint affected. The common forms of joint replacement procedure involve:

 

Total joint replacement surgery

Total joint replacement surgery

Total joint replacement (an arthroplasty) is a surgery that includes extracting a part of the entire damaged joint and replacing it with duplicate implants. 

 

A joint replacement procedure can enhance mobility and give significant relief from pain. You can opt for total joint replacement due to advanced arthritis or an injury. Knee, shoulder, and hip replacements are usually a form of joint replacement procedures. 

 

Joint replacement procedures can usually be performed as minimally invasive surgery. It uses lesser incisions, has lesser hospital stays, and has a lesser recovery period than traditional joint replacement surgery.

 

Hip replacement surgery

  • Anterior hip replacement:
Hip replacement surgery

An anterior hip replacement is a new way to implant a hip replacement with minimally invasive methods.

 

This makes for muscle sparing rather than muscle splitting. It helps for a quicker recovery and lesser restrictions on activity after the procedure.

 

  • Partial hip replacement:

A partial hip replacement (a hemiarthroplasty) includes replacing the ball (the femoral head) only and not the socket (acetabulum). This procedure is utilized more in older people facing a hip fracture and is a choice when the socket is healthy.

Knee replacement surgery

 

Knee replacement surgery

  • Partial knee replacement:

The knee joint is categorized into three compartments (the medial, lateral and patellofemoral compartments). If damage only affects one or two of your knee’s compartments, your orthopaedist might suggest partial knee replacement. A partial knee replacement surgery includes:

  • Taking out the damaged tissue.
  • Resurfacing existing site.
  • Implanting artificial parts into the affected compartment(s) of your knee.

 

Robotic knee surgery

A state-of-the-art surgery utilizes the NAVIO system for total or partial knee replacement procedure. The procedure is modified to your anatomy. It makes a 3D representation of your knee’s unique profile and shape, and it does not need a CT scan. 

 

The procedure is done using robotic assistance to replace part or the entire knee joint with prosthetic implants. The robotic instruments rotate and bend better than the human hand for improved precision, vision, and management.

 

Shoulder replacement surgery

  • Reverse shoulder replacement:

In this surgery, your ball’s position and socket in the joint are switched and replaced with artificial ones. A prosthetic “ball” is surgically fixed at your shoulder blade, and then an artificial “socket” is added at the top of your upper arm bone. 

 

When the ball and socket’s location is reversed, it helps your shoulder bypass the damaged tendons and muscles. This uses the muscles at the top of your arm and shoulder instead. This makes shoulder joints strong and regains pain-free function.

 

Preparing for joint replacement surgery

As with any procedure, few pre-operative considerations are to be kept in mind while going for a joint replacement. It involves:

 

Exercise

Our bodies can heal and restore function quicker when they are in good cardiovascular and physical condition.

 

Medication

Before the procedure, speak with your orthopaedic surgeon about the medicines you are currently taking. You might have to discontinue some medications till after the procedure temporarily. Only your physician or orthopaedist can make this determination.

 

Discharge planning

As with any procedure, ensure to discuss discharge strategy with your specialist beforehand. Your discharge plan may involve instructions on incision’s care, pain medicines, special exercises, activities, and other home care instructions.

 

Rehabilitation

Individuals who have got a complete joint replacement can still have functional, active lifestyles. One main component of several rehabilitation programs is exercise - to regain mobility, function, and strength to your affected joint and nearby muscles. 

 

Speak with your orthopaedist for pre-operative planning. You can also learn about the best joint replacement procedure for your condition.

 

 

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